UPDATE: Kokanee Salmon Die-off Prompts Questions; No Official Explanation

The Trinity Reservoir is so over-stocked with Kokanee salmon that the loss of a few thousand fingerlings to save Chinook salmon in the lower Klamath will not hurt the Kokanee fishery, according to Monty Currier of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife.

In fact, the Kokanee are so crowded in the Lake that they are stunted and receive very little pressure from local fishermen, according to Currier.

Currier, a scientist with the Northern Reservoir Program, acknowledged that the die-off is an “eyesore” and a “smelly mess” and he expects it to continue because of the low water behind Trinity Dam and the Bureau of Reclamation’s decision to send more water down the Trinity river.


Thousands of dead and dying Kokanee salmon were floating on the upper end of Lewiston Lake this week after increased flows were initiated to save this fall’s run of adult Chinook salmon in the lower Klamath River.

Thousands of dead Kokanee salmon float on Lewiston Lake. Photo by Bill Siemer.

The dead Kokanee fingerlings, floating belly side up, were killed by the rapid change in pressure which occurred when they were sucked into Trinity Dam’s intake shafts when water was released downstream into Lewiston Lake, according to a knowledgeable source who asked not to be named.

The four-to-six inch Kokanee were washing up on the Lewiston Lake shore for a quarter of a mile on Tuesday evening when this reporter kayaked by. Early estimates, given to the Trinity Journal, had the losses between 200 to 400. The source estimated the die-off at 2,000. However, dead fingerlings were scattered on the Lake’s bottom and caught in the marshy grasses. Eagles, buzzards and crows dined from the shore. It was a smelly mess.

Vultures and other creatures feast on the dead fish at Lewiston Lake. Photo by Bill Siemer.

Kokanee need cold water to survive and the land-locked Kokanee are forced deeper into Trinity Lake as the water is released downstream. The Lake dropped 5.84 feet during the week ending August 25, according to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation, which made the decision to increase the flows last week.

The Bureau’s website reported that releases from Lewiston Dam began at 7 a.m. on August 23.

Initially, the release was raised from 450 cubic feet per second (cfs) to 950 cfs. At 7 a.m. on August 25, releases from Lewiston Dam were increased to 2,450 cfs for a period of 24 hours, then dropped to 950 cfs. The goal, according to the Bureau, is to keep the lower Klamath at approximately 2,500 cfs until September 14.

Trinity Lake’s depth, as of August 25, was 316.27 feet, according to the Bureau’s website, with the Lake being 29 percent full. As of the end of that week, the average release to Whiskeytown and the Carr Powerhouse, was 2,119 cfs, while the Trinity River release averaged 1,650 cfs.

The Bureau’s decision to increase the flow of water for the lower Klamath salmon was met immediately by lawsuits from several water districts in the Sacramento Valley. A federal judge denied their request.

Thousands of dead fish litter Lewiston Lake in Trinity County. Photo by Bill Siemer.

Calls to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife in Redding, and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, seeking answers to questions regarding how many Kokanee are actually dying and whether the die-off is expected to have an impact on the Kokanee fishery, were not returned.
Bill Siemer grew up on a farm in Lassen County, played basketball at Shasta JC, went to Vietnam, became a newspaper reporter and then a lawyer and now considers himself a champion of the story that needs to be told. He lives on the bank of the river and takes pictures.

Bill Siemer
Bill Siemer grew up on a farm in Lassen County, played basketball at Shasta JC, went to Vietnam, became a newspaper reporter and then a lawyer and now considers himself a champion of the story that needs to be told. He lives on the bank of the river and takes pictures.
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8 Responses

  1. Avatar CouldBeTrouble says:

    I am sure the “mystery” would be solved if the Klamath River water flow was not so politicized. Could it be possible that decisions are made to prove or counter a political agenda? No, not in this mature world, right?

  2. Avatar Gabe Adamek says:

    Thanks for the straight-forward reporting. I’m thankful that someone was brave enough to do this piece of reporting…keep up the good work and thanks for keeping us informed!

  3. Avatar Barbara Stone says:

    Wow, what a travesty…and did no one think about the fish before they made the decision to let water out of the lake???

    • Avatar name says:

      The reason they let water out was to save fish, a different type of fish that was in danger. The story explains it…

  4. Avatar Viv o says:

    The CDFW rep said those fish were showing up dead BEFORE the increased release to the Trinity so its likely the continued diversion of water to the Sacramento and general drought conditions were responsible. Its also important to note that Kokanne are a non-native invasive species of Idaho sockeye planted for sport fishing.

  5. Avatar Ron says:

    I’m glad they are saving the salmon. You can’t save everything so you go for the more endangered ones first. The Klamath river is an important one. Even tho I hate any fish die off, imo, this had to be done.

    The Klamath is real bad. You can go to http://www.myoutdoorbuddy.com and read some of the articles.

    All we can do is conserve water and keep praying for rainq

  6. Avatar Marc Dadigan says:

    It’s a non-native species and still doesn’t compare to the 68,000 salmon that were estimated to have died in the last fish kill on the lower Klamath in 2002.

  7. Avatar J Eric Logan says:

    A few points:
    1) The primary cause of both the Kokanee morts and potential trouble in the Lower Trinity and Klamath is almost certainly the multi-year history of low rainfall in the basin. The combination of low inflows and the volume of water released from Trinity Reservoir decreased reservoir water depth.
    2) The first factor is aggravated because almost 2/3 of the outflow from Trinity Reservoir is diverted to the Central Valley.
    3) Kokanee is a non-native species introduced into Trinity Reservoir. Trinity and Klamath River Chinook are ancient native species with large widespread populations and a long history of exploitation in the ocean and the rivers by native people, and relatively recent exploitation by non-native people.
    4) The value of the Kokanee fishery is small in comparison to the value of fisheries supported by Trinity and Klamath Chinook salmon.
    5) Kokanee dying in Lewiston were apparently juveniles. A few thousand fish may have died. Chinook entering the Klamath are mature large fish, and run numbers may exceed one hundred thousand. Therefore the Chinook run is considered worthy of protection from adverse water conditions.
    6) Mortality of reservoir fish passing through turbines and penstocks is relatively normal, and supports trophy tail-race fisheries in many locations.